Maintaining good health can be a key factor in long-term maintenance of psoriasis. This includes avoiding smoking, excessive alcohol intake and maintenance of a healthy weight. Psoriasis is generally considered a difficult condition to treat, simply because no one treatment works in every case. Your dermatologist may have to test different therapies to find the right method for you. Specific treatments for the condition include:
Mild or localized psoriasis is often treated with a topical cream. Depending on the site and severity, options may include an emollient, coal tar preparation, salicylic acid, vitamin D or topical corticosteroids.
Phototherapy is the use of artificial, ultraviolet light that can be used to treat a variety of skin conditions. Most of the time psoriasis is improved with phototherapy. The most common type of phototherapy is narrow band ultraviolet B light. It can be administered as a whole body treatment or treatment localized to hands and feet. The treatments are usually done three times per week for 12 weeks.
- Can be very effective
- No chemicals
- Can be used in pregnancy
- Covered by Medicare
- May not work
- May need to travel for treatment
- Risk of burns and skin cancer (very uncommon)
There are a variety of prescription medications that are available to treat psoriasis, depending on the type and severity.
Biologic therapies are new medications that can be very effective to control psoriasis. They reduce inflammation by modulating immune system.
||Route of administration
||Frequency of injections
||Every 8weeks after loading
||Every week after loading
||Every 2 weeks after loading
||Every 3 mo after loading
||Every 4 weeks after loading